Evidence-Based Nutrient Recommendations

American College of Physicians Guideline on Red and Processed Meat Intake

This week, the American College of Physicians released a dietary guideline for red and processed meat.

The guideline, published in the Annals of Internal Medicine, suggested that Americans can continue to consume red meat at their current levels, which is about 3 to 4 servings per week on average. The panel agreed that there is evidence that red meat is associated with risk for chronic disease but determined that the evidence for this was generally of low quality and that any effects were fairly small. The guideline is based on studies looking at the health impacts of eating varying amounts of red and processed meat—it didn’t address a vegan diet.

Not surprisingly, the meat industry has embraced these findings, but others such as the American Heart Association, American Cancer Society, and Harvard School of Public Health have criticized the report. Harvard School of Public Health has a particularly devastating critique of the guideline, including:

The new guidelines are not justified as they contradict the evidence generated from their own meta-analyses. Among the five published systematic reviews, three meta-analyses basically confirmed previous findings on red meat and negative health effects. The publication of these studies and the meat guidelines in a major medical journal is unfortunate because following the new guidelines may potentially harm individuals’ health, public health, and planetary health. It may also harm the credibility of nutrition science and erode public trust in scientific research.

In outlining its rationale, the American College of Physicians panel noted that it did not consider either animal welfare or environmental considerations. We believe that responsible dietary recommendations must always consider a range of issues, including animal welfare, human justice issues, and the environment. So unless red meat is shown to be needed for human health—which it isn’t—these recommendations are not relevant for anyone who wants to make responsible dietary choices.

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  • If you have a question about whether it's okay to cut supplements in half or combine supplements to achieve the dose we recommend, the answer is “Yes.” Be aware that nutrient recommendations are only estimates—it's not necessary to consume the exact amount we recommend every single day.
  • We aren't able to respond to questions about which brands of supplements to take.
  • We cannot provide personal nutrition advice for specific health conditions. If you need private counseling, here's a list of plant-based dietitians and we especially recommend VeganHealth contributor Taylor Wolfram, MS, RDN, LDN.
  • We urge you to consult with a qualified health professional for answers to your personal questions.