Evidence-Based Nutrient Recommendations

Vegetarians and Type 2 Diabetes


We updated our article on Type 2 Diabetes and Vegan Diets with a 2019 study of the EPIC-Oxford cohort examing the association between vegetarianism and risk of hospitalization or death from diabetes.

Compared with regular meat-eaters and after adjusting for age, ethnicity, education level, material deprivation, smoking, alcohol, and physical activity, vegetarians (n=13,645) and vegans (n=1,781) had a lower risk of developing diabetes over a mean of 17.6 years of follow-up (HR 0.65, CI 0.55-0.76 for vegetarians; HR 0.53, CI 0.36-0.79 for vegans). However, when further adjusted for body mass index, the association was attenuated (HR 0.89, CI 0.75-1.05 for vegetarians; HR 0.99, CI 0.66-1.48 for vegans).


Papier K, Appleby PN, Fensom GK, et al. Vegetarian diets and risk of hospitalisation or death with diabetes in British adults: results from the EPIC-Oxford study. Nutr Diabetes. 2019 Feb 25;9(1):7.

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  • If you have a question about whether it's okay to cut supplements in half or combine supplements to achieve the dose we recommend, the answer is “Yes.” Be aware that nutrient recommendations are only estimates—it's not necessary to consume the exact amount we recommend every single day.
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